• Q.J. Wei, M.J. Plumley, K.L. Chua, A.R. Abraham, J.H. Lienhard V, E.W. Tow, Batch Reverse Osmosis Pilot Demonstration,” IDA World Congress, Sydney, Australia, 9–13 Oct. 2022. IDA Ref. No. IDAWC22-Wei (paper)(slides)


  • Systems and methods for rapid flushing of a membrane-based system, Q.J. Wei, A.T. Bouma, and J.H. Lienhard V, U.S. Provisional Pat. Ser. No. 63/182,761, 30 April 2021 (Google patents)

  • Q.J. Wei, Can batch reverse osmosis make desalination more affordable and sustainable? PhD thesis, MIT, 2021 (dSpace)

  • Q.J. Wei, C.I. Tucker, P.J. Wu, A. Trueworthy, E.W. Tow, and J.H. Lienhard V, Impact of salt retention on true batch reverse osmosis energy consumption: experiments and model validation,” Desalination, online 3 February 2020, 479:114177, 1 April 2020. (doi link) (open access)

  • Batch Pressure-Driven Membrane Desalination with Closed Flow Loop and Reservoir Tank, D.M. Warsinger, E.W. Tow, R.K. McGovern, G.P. Thiel, and J.H. Lienhard V, US Patent #10,166,510, 1 January 2019 (Google patents)

  • D.M. Warsinger, E.W. Tow, L.A. Maswadeh, G. Connors, J. Swaminathan, and J.H. Lienhard V, Inorganic fouling mitigation by salinity cycling in batch reverse osmosis,” Water Research, online 5 Feb. 2018, 137:384-394, 15 June 2018. (doi link) (open access)


  • J. Swaminathan, E.W. Tow, R.L. Stover, and J.H. Lienhard V, Practical aspects of design of batch reverse osmosis for energy efficient seawater desalination,” Desalination, online 21 August 2019, 470:114097, 15 November 2019. (doi link) (open access)

  • J.R. Werber, A. Deshmukh, and M. Elimelech, Can batch or semi-batch processes save energy in reverse-osmosis desalination?” Desalination, 402. January 2017. page(s) 109-122. (doi link)

  • D.M. Warsinger, E.W. Tow, K.G. Nayar, L.A. Maswadeh, and J.H. Lienhard V, Energy Efficiency of Batch and Semi-batch (CCRO) Reverse Osmosis Desalination,” Water Research, online 25 Sept. 2016, 106:272-282, 1 Dec. 2016. (doi link) (open access)

  • Thiel, Gregory P., Ronan K. McGovern, Syed M. Zubair, and John H. Lienhard V. Thermodynamic Equipartition for Increased Second Law Efficiency.” Applied Energy 118 (April, 2014): 292–299. (doi link) (open access)

  • K.H. Mistry, R.K. McGovern, G.P. Thiel, E.K. Summers, S.M. Zubair, and J.H. Lienhard V, Entropy generation analysis of desalination technologies,” Entropy, 13(10):1829-1864, Sept. 2011 (open access)
let's make water together


96 Holton Street

Boston, MA 02135